Sexually transmitted diseases or sexually transmitted infections are commonly known as STDs or STIs. They can be transferred from one person to another through oral, anal or vaginal sex. Some STDs like herpes, HPV and syphilis can spread through skin to skin contact. Studies show that younger people are at a higher risk of developing STDs, and people, under the age of 25, account for 50% of the sexually transmitted infections. While the only sure-fire way of avoiding an STD is abstinence, you can easily prevent most such diseases by practising safe sex. To protect yourself from STDs always use a latex condom and a water-based lubricant, if you’re using any. Get great offers at CouponHub on items for sexual wellness. Here’s everything that you need to know about sexually transmitted diseases.
How to Tell if You Have an STD
While there might be no symptoms present in some cases, the following are the most common symptoms that can help you to recognise a sexually transmitted disease.
- Swelling or redness may appear near the genital area.
- Sores, rashes, warts or bumps may be formed near the mouth, genitals or anus.
- Severe itching around the genital area
- Urinating might become painful.
- Vaginal or penal discharge may occur.
- Vaginal bleeding apart from the regular period
- Sexual intercourse may feel painful.
- Pain and aches in the body accompanied by fever and chills.
- Loss of weight, night sweats, yellowing of the skin etc.
Symptoms may not appear at all in some persons. In case they do, they might look instantly or after weeks or months. The symptoms can appear, disappear and then reappear. If a sign has gone, it doesn’t mean that you’re cured of the disease. To diagnose the condition, you should visit your doctor who can perform examinations to detect whether you are in fact suffering from a sexually transmitted disease.
What are the most common STDs?
The most common sexually transmitted diseases are the following.
- Chlamydia: This is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex. It is one of the most common STDs, and teenagers and young adults are diagnosed with the highest rates of this disease. It doesn’t show any symptoms at times, so annual testing is recommended primarily for women.
- Crabs: These are lice that live within pubic hair and sucks blood from the host. They cause immense itching and dark spots where they bite the person who has contracted them. It is not necessarily sexually transmitted, and they can be transferred through physical contact as the lice can jump from one person’s pubic hair to another’s. They can even be transferred through sharing clothes, a bed or even the same toilet seat. Crabs can be treated medically by healthcare professionals.
- Herpes: Oral, as well as genital herpes, are caused by a virus that can be transmitted sexually as well as touching the affected area. Typical symptoms are bumps, pimples and blisters on the affected area as well as a fever and headache. We cannot treat Herpes, but we can control its spread.
- Gonorrhoea: This disease can be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex as well as from a mother to a child during birth. Symptoms of gonorrhoea like penal discharge, painful urination and swollen testicles may appear in men within 1-30 days of infection, but the disease usually doesn’t produce any symptoms in women. With the help of antibiotics, we can treat the disease.
- HPV: HPV refers to a group of different viruses some of which are dangerous. While some causes warts to appear on genitals, hands and feet, other strains can cause cancer after many years. There is no direct treatment for HPV, and it can spread if the genitals directly come in contact with each other. Using condoms consistently can significantly reduce the risk of contracting HPV.
- HIV and AIDS: HIV is a virus that affects the immune system. Sometimes it doesn’t show any symptoms until a blood test is done. It can be transmitted through unprotected oral, anal or vaginal sex, sharing needles and from a mother to child.
How to avoid spreading an STD if you have it
If you are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease, you should immediately stop having sex. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully to recover quickly. Get a green signal from your doctor before you resume having sex. Get rechecked after the act. Always wear a latex condom while having oral, anal or vaginal sex. Make sure that your partner or partners are also tested for the STD.